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デフォルトでインストールされているパッケージ

  デフォルトでインストールされているパッケージを見てみます。


Desired=Unknown/Install/Remove/Purge/Hold
| Status=Not/Inst/Conf-files/Unpacked/halF-conf/Half-inst/trig-aWait/Trig-pend
|/ Err?=(none)/Reinst-required (Status,Err: uppercase=bad)
||/ Name                             Version                          Architecture Description
+++-================================-================================-============-===============================================================================
ii  accountsservice                  0.6.35-0ubuntu7.2                amd64        query and manipulate user account information
ii  acpid                            1:2.0.21-1ubuntu2                amd64        Advanced Configuration and Power Interface event daemon
ii  adduser                          3.113+nmu3ubuntu3                all          add and remove users and groups
ii  apparmor                         2.8.95~2430-0ubuntu5.3           amd64        User-space parser utility for AppArmor
ii  apport                           2.14.1-0ubuntu3.19               all          automatically generate crash reports for debugging
ii  apport-symptoms                  0.20                             all          symptom scripts for apport
ii  apt                              1.0.1ubuntu2.11                  amd64        commandline package manager
ii  apt-transport-https              1.0.1ubuntu2.11                  amd64        https download transport for APT
ii  apt-utils                        1.0.1ubuntu2.11                  amd64        package management related utility programs
ii  apt-xapian-index                 0.45ubuntu4                      all          maintenance and search tools for a Xapian index of Debian packages
ii  aptitude                         0.6.8.2-1ubuntu4                 amd64        terminal-based package manager
ii  aptitude-common                  0.6.8.2-1ubuntu4                 all          architecture indepedent files for the aptitude package manager
ii  at                               3.1.14-1ubuntu1                  amd64        Delayed job execution and batch processing
ii  base-files                       7.2ubuntu5.4                     amd64        Debian base system miscellaneous files
ii  base-passwd                      3.5.33                           amd64        Debian base system master password and group files
ii  bash                             4.3-7ubuntu1.5                   amd64        GNU Bourne Again SHell
ii  bash-completion                  1:2.1-4ubuntu0.1                 all          programmable completion for the bash shell
ii  bc                               1.06.95-8ubuntu1                 amd64        GNU bc arbitrary precision calculator language
ii  bind9-host                       1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        Version of 'host' bundled with BIND 9.X
ii  bsdmainutils                     9.0.5ubuntu1                     amd64        collection of more utilities from FreeBSD
ii  bsdutils                         1:2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20.7           amd64        Basic utilities from 4.4BSD-Lite
ii  busybox-initramfs                1:1.21.0-1ubuntu1                amd64        Standalone shell setup for initramfs
ii  busybox-static                   1:1.21.0-1ubuntu1                amd64        Standalone rescue shell with tons of builtin utilities
ii  byobu                            5.77-0ubuntu1.2                  all          powerful, text based window manager and shell multiplexer
ii  bzip2                            1.0.6-5                          amd64        high-quality block-sorting file compressor - utilities
ii  ca-certificates                  20160104ubuntu0.14.04.1          all          Common CA certificates
ii  cloud-guest-utils                0.27-0ubuntu9.2                  all          cloud guest utilities
ii  cloud-init                       0.7.5-0ubuntu1.17                all          Init scripts for cloud instances
ii  command-not-found                0.3ubuntu12                      all          Suggest installation of packages in interactive bash sessions
ii  command-not-found-data           0.3ubuntu12                      amd64        Set of data files for command-not-found.
ii  console-setup                    1.70ubuntu8                      all          console font and keymap setup program
ii  coreutils                        8.21-1ubuntu5.4                  amd64        GNU core utilities
ii  cpio                             2.11+dfsg-1ubuntu1.2             amd64        GNU cpio -- a program to manage archives of files
ii  cron                             3.0pl1-124ubuntu2                amd64        process scheduling daemon
ii  cryptsetup                       2:1.6.1-1ubuntu1                 amd64        disk encryption support - startup scripts
ii  cryptsetup-bin                   2:1.6.1-1ubuntu1                 amd64        disk encryption support - command line tools
ii  curl                             7.35.0-1ubuntu2.6                amd64        command line tool for transferring data with URL syntax
ii  dash                             0.5.7-4ubuntu1                   amd64        POSIX-compliant shell
ii  dbus                             1.6.18-0ubuntu4.3                amd64        simple interprocess messaging system (daemon and utilities)
ii  debconf                          1.5.51ubuntu2                    all          Debian configuration management system
ii  debconf-i18n                     1.5.51ubuntu2                    all          full internationalization support for debconf
ii  debianutils                      4.4                              amd64        Miscellaneous utilities specific to Debian
ii  dh-python                        1.20140128-1ubuntu8.2            all          Debian helper tools for packaging Python libraries and applications
ii  diffutils                        1:3.3-1                          amd64        File comparison utilities
ii  dmidecode                        2.12-2                           amd64        SMBIOS/DMI table decoder
ii  dmsetup                          2:1.02.77-6ubuntu2               amd64        Linux Kernel Device Mapper userspace library
ii  dnsutils                         1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        Clients provided with BIND
ii  dosfstools                       3.0.26-1                         amd64        utilities for making and checking MS-DOS FAT filesystems
ii  dpkg                             1.17.5ubuntu5.5                  amd64        Debian package management system
ii  e2fslibs:amd64                   1.42.9-3ubuntu1.3                amd64        ext2/ext3/ext4 file system libraries
ii  e2fsprogs                        1.42.9-3ubuntu1.3                amd64        ext2/ext3/ext4 file system utilities
ii  eatmydata                        26-2                             amd64        library and utilities designed to disable fsync and friends
ii  ed                               1.9-2                            amd64        classic UNIX line editor
ii  eject                            2.1.5+deb1+cvs20081104-13.1      amd64        ejects CDs and operates CD-Changers under Linux
ii  ethtool                          1:3.13-1                         amd64        display or change Ethernet device settings
ii  file                             1:5.14-2ubuntu3.3                amd64        Determines file type using "magic" numbers
ii  findutils                        4.4.2-7                          amd64        utilities for finding files--find, xargs
ii  fonts-ubuntu-font-family-console 0.80-0ubuntu6                    all          Ubuntu Font Family Linux console fonts, sans-serif monospace
ii  friendly-recovery                0.2.25                           all          Make recovery more user-friendly
ii  ftp                              0.17-28                          amd64        classical file transfer client
ii  fuse                             2.9.2-4ubuntu4.14.04.1           amd64        Filesystem in Userspace
ii  gawk                             1:4.0.1+dfsg-2.1ubuntu2          amd64        GNU awk, a pattern scanning and processing language
ii  gcc-4.8-base:amd64               4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1           amd64        GCC, the GNU Compiler Collection (base package)
ii  gcc-4.9-base:amd64               4.9.3-0ubuntu4                   amd64        GCC, the GNU Compiler Collection (base package)
ii  gdisk                            0.8.8-1ubuntu0.1                 amd64        GPT fdisk text-mode partitioning tool
ii  geoip-database                   20140313-1                       all          IP lookup command line tools that use the GeoIP library (country database)
ii  gettext-base                     0.18.3.1-1ubuntu3                amd64        GNU Internationalization utilities for the base system
ii  gir1.2-glib-2.0                  1.40.0-1ubuntu0.2                amd64        Introspection data for GLib, GObject, Gio and GModule
ii  gnupg                            1.4.16-1ubuntu2.3                amd64        GNU privacy guard - a free PGP replacement
ii  gpgv                             1.4.16-1ubuntu2.3                amd64        GNU privacy guard - signature verification tool
ii  grep                             2.16-1                           amd64        GNU grep, egrep and fgrep
ii  groff-base                       1.22.2-5                         amd64        GNU troff text-formatting system (base system components)
ii  gzip                             1.6-3ubuntu1                     amd64        GNU compression utilities
ii  hdparm                           9.43-1ubuntu3                    amd64        tune hard disk parameters for high performance
ii  hostname                         3.15ubuntu1                      amd64        utility to set/show the host name or domain name
ii  ifupdown                         0.7.47.2ubuntu4.4                amd64        high level tools to configure network interfaces
ii  info                             5.2.0.dfsg.1-2                   amd64        Standalone GNU Info documentation browser
ii  init-system-helpers              1.14                             all          helper tools for all init systems
ii  initramfs-tools                  0.103ubuntu4.2                   all          tools for generating an initramfs
ii  initramfs-tools-bin              0.103ubuntu4.2                   amd64        binaries used by initramfs-tools
ii  initscripts                      2.88dsf-41ubuntu6.3              amd64        scripts for initializing and shutting down the system
ii  insserv                          1.14.0-5ubuntu2                  amd64        boot sequence organizer using LSB init.d script dependency information
ii  install-info                     5.2.0.dfsg.1-2                   amd64        Manage installed documentation in info format
ii  iproute2                         3.12.0-2ubuntu1                  amd64        networking and traffic control tools
ii  iptables                         1.4.21-1ubuntu1                  amd64        administration tools for packet filtering and NAT
ii  iputils-ping                     3:20121221-4ubuntu1.1            amd64        Tools to test the reachability of network hosts
ii  iputils-tracepath                3:20121221-4ubuntu1.1            amd64        Tools to trace the network path to a remote host
ii  irqbalance                       1.0.6-2ubuntu0.14.04.4           amd64        Daemon to balance interrupts for SMP systems
ii  isc-dhcp-client                  4.2.4-7ubuntu12.4                amd64        ISC DHCP client
ii  isc-dhcp-common                  4.2.4-7ubuntu12.4                amd64        common files used by all the isc-dhcp* packages
ii  iso-codes                        3.52-1                           all          ISO language, territory, currency, script codes and their translations
ii  kbd                              1.15.5-1ubuntu1                  amd64        Linux console font and keytable utilities
ii  keyboard-configuration           1.70ubuntu8                      all          system-wide keyboard preferences
ii  klibc-utils                      2.0.3-0ubuntu1                   amd64        small utilities built with klibc for early boot
ii  kmod                             15-0ubuntu6                      amd64        tools for managing Linux kernel modules
ii  krb5-locales                     1.12+dfsg-2ubuntu5.2             all          Internationalization support for MIT Kerberos
ii  landscape-client                 14.12-0ubuntu0.14.04             amd64        The Landscape administration system client
ii  landscape-common                 14.12-0ubuntu0.14.04             amd64        The Landscape administration system client - Common files
ii  language-selector-common         0.129.3                          all          Language selector for Ubuntu
ii  laptop-detect                    0.13.7ubuntu2                    amd64        attempt to detect a laptop
ii  less                             458-2                            amd64        pager program similar to more
ii  libaccountsservice0:amd64        0.6.35-0ubuntu7.2                amd64        query and manipulate user account information - shared libraries
ii  libacl1:amd64                    2.2.52-1                         amd64        Access control list shared library
ii  libapparmor-perl                 2.8.95~2430-0ubuntu5.3           amd64        AppArmor library Perl bindings
ii  libapparmor1:amd64               2.8.95~2430-0ubuntu5.3           amd64        changehat AppArmor library
ii  libapt-inst1.5:amd64             1.0.1ubuntu2.11                  amd64        deb package format runtime library
ii  libapt-pkg4.12:amd64             1.0.1ubuntu2.11                  amd64        package management runtime library
ii  libarchive-extract-perl          0.70-1                           all          generic archive extracting module
ii  libasn1-8-heimdal:amd64          1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - ASN.1 library
ii  libasprintf0c2:amd64             0.18.3.1-1ubuntu3                amd64        GNU library to use fprintf and friends in C++
ii  libattr1:amd64                   1:2.4.47-1ubuntu1                amd64        Extended attribute shared library
ii  libaudit-common                  1:2.3.2-2ubuntu1                 all          Dynamic library for security auditing - common files
ii  libaudit1:amd64                  1:2.3.2-2ubuntu1                 amd64        Dynamic library for security auditing
ii  libbind9-90                      1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        BIND9 Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libblkid1:amd64                  2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20.7             amd64        block device id library
ii  libboost-iostreams1.54.0:amd64   1.54.0-4ubuntu3.1                amd64        Boost.Iostreams Library
ii  libbsd0:amd64                    0.6.0-2ubuntu1                   amd64        utility functions from BSD systems - shared library
ii  libbz2-1.0:amd64                 1.0.6-5                          amd64        high-quality block-sorting file compressor library - runtime
ii  libc-bin                         2.19-0ubuntu6.7                  amd64        Embedded GNU C Library: Binaries
ii  libc6:amd64                      2.19-0ubuntu6.7                  amd64        Embedded GNU C Library: Shared libraries
ii  libcap-ng0                       0.7.3-1ubuntu2                   amd64        An alternate POSIX capabilities library
ii  libcap2:amd64                    1:2.24-0ubuntu2                  amd64        support for getting/setting POSIX.1e capabilities
ii  libcap2-bin                      1:2.24-0ubuntu2                  amd64        basic utility programs for using capabilities
ii  libcgmanager0:amd64              0.24-0ubuntu7.5                  amd64        Central cgroup manager daemon (client library)
ii  libck-connector0:amd64           0.4.5-3.1ubuntu2                 amd64        ConsoleKit libraries
ii  libclass-accessor-perl           0.34-1                           all          Perl module that automatically generates accessors
ii  libcomerr2:amd64                 1.42.9-3ubuntu1.3                amd64        common error description library
ii  libcryptsetup4                   2:1.6.1-1ubuntu1                 amd64        disk encryption support - shared library
ii  libcurl3:amd64                   7.35.0-1ubuntu2.6                amd64        easy-to-use client-side URL transfer library (OpenSSL flavour)
ii  libcurl3-gnutls:amd64            7.35.0-1ubuntu2.6                amd64        easy-to-use client-side URL transfer library (GnuTLS flavour)
ii  libcwidget3                      0.5.16-3.5ubuntu1                amd64        high-level terminal interface library for C++ (runtime files)
ii  libdb5.3:amd64                   5.3.28-3ubuntu3                  amd64        Berkeley v5.3 Database Libraries [runtime]
ii  libdbus-1-3:amd64                1.6.18-0ubuntu4.3                amd64        simple interprocess messaging system (library)
ii  libdbus-glib-1-2:amd64           0.100.2-1                        amd64        simple interprocess messaging system (GLib-based shared library)
ii  libdebconfclient0:amd64          0.187ubuntu1                     amd64        Debian Configuration Management System (C-implementation library)
ii  libdevmapper1.02.1:amd64         2:1.02.77-6ubuntu2               amd64        Linux Kernel Device Mapper userspace library
ii  libdns100                        1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        DNS Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libdrm2:amd64                    2.4.64-1~ubuntu14.04.1           amd64        Userspace interface to kernel DRM services -- runtime
ii  libdumbnet1                      1.12-4build1                     amd64        A dumb, portable networking library -- shared library
ii  libedit2:amd64                   3.1-20130712-2                   amd64        BSD editline and history libraries
ii  libelf1:amd64                    0.158-0ubuntu5.2                 amd64        library to read and write ELF files
ii  libept1.4.12:amd64               1.0.12                           amd64        High-level library for managing Debian package information
ii  libestr0                         0.1.9-0ubuntu2                   amd64        Helper functions for handling strings (lib)
ii  libevent-2.0-5:amd64             2.0.21-stable-1ubuntu1.14.04.1   amd64        Asynchronous event notification library
ii  libexpat1:amd64                  2.1.0-4ubuntu1.1                 amd64        XML parsing C library - runtime library
ii  libffi6:amd64                    3.1~rc1+r3.0.13-12ubuntu0.1      amd64        Foreign Function Interface library runtime
ii  libfreetype6:amd64               2.5.2-1ubuntu2.5                 amd64        FreeType 2 font engine, shared library files
ii  libfribidi0:amd64                0.19.6-1                         amd64        Free Implementation of the Unicode BiDi algorithm
ii  libfuse2:amd64                   2.9.2-4ubuntu4.14.04.1           amd64        Filesystem in Userspace (library)
ii  libgc1c2:amd64                   1:7.2d-5ubuntu2                  amd64        conservative garbage collector for C and C++
ii  libgcc1:amd64                    1:4.9.3-0ubuntu4                 amd64        GCC support library
ii  libgck-1-0:amd64                 3.10.1-1                         amd64        Glib wrapper library for PKCS#11 - runtime
ii  libgcr-3-common                  3.10.1-1                         all          Library for Crypto UI related tasks - common files
ii  libgcr-base-3-1:amd64            3.10.1-1                         amd64        Library for Crypto related tasks
ii  libgcrypt11:amd64                1.5.3-2ubuntu4.3                 amd64        LGPL Crypto library - runtime library
ii  libgdbm3:amd64                   1.8.3-12build1                   amd64        GNU dbm database routines (runtime version)
ii  libgeoip1:amd64                  1.6.0-1                          amd64        non-DNS IP-to-country resolver library
ii  libgirepository-1.0-1            1.40.0-1ubuntu0.2                amd64        Library for handling GObject introspection data (runtime library)
ii  libglib2.0-0:amd64               2.40.2-0ubuntu1                  amd64        GLib library of C routines
ii  libglib2.0-data                  2.40.2-0ubuntu1                  all          Common files for GLib library
ii  libgnutls-openssl27:amd64        2.12.23-12ubuntu2.5              amd64        GNU TLS library - OpenSSL wrapper
ii  libgnutls26:amd64                2.12.23-12ubuntu2.5              amd64        GNU TLS library - runtime library
ii  libgpg-error0:amd64              1.12-0.2ubuntu1                  amd64        library for common error values and messages in GnuPG components
ii  libgpm2:amd64                    1.20.4-6.1                       amd64        General Purpose Mouse - shared library
ii  libgssapi-krb5-2:amd64           1.12+dfsg-2ubuntu5.2             amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - krb5 GSS-API Mechanism
ii  libgssapi3-heimdal:amd64         1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - GSSAPI support library
ii  libhcrypto4-heimdal:amd64        1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - crypto library
ii  libheimbase1-heimdal:amd64       1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - Base library
ii  libheimntlm0-heimdal:amd64       1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - NTLM support library
ii  libhx509-5-heimdal:amd64         1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - X509 support library
ii  libicu52:amd64                   52.1-3ubuntu0.4                  amd64        International Components for Unicode
ii  libidn11:amd64                   1.28-1ubuntu2                    amd64        GNU Libidn library, implementation of IETF IDN specifications
ii  libio-string-perl                1.08-3                           all          Emulate IO::File interface for in-core strings
ii  libisc95                         1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        ISC Shared Library used by BIND
ii  libisccc90                       1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        Command Channel Library used by BIND
ii  libisccfg90                      1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        Config File Handling Library used by BIND
ii  libjson-c2:amd64                 0.11-3ubuntu1.2                  amd64        JSON manipulation library - shared library
ii  libjson0:amd64                   0.11-3ubuntu1.2                  amd64        JSON manipulation library (transitional package)
ii  libk5crypto3:amd64               1.12+dfsg-2ubuntu5.2             amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - Crypto Library
ii  libkeyutils1:amd64               1.5.6-1                          amd64        Linux Key Management Utilities (library)
ii  libklibc                         2.0.3-0ubuntu1                   amd64        minimal libc subset for use with initramfs
ii  libkmod2:amd64                   15-0ubuntu6                      amd64        libkmod shared library
ii  libkrb5-26-heimdal:amd64         1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - libraries
ii  libkrb5-3:amd64                  1.12+dfsg-2ubuntu5.2             amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries
ii  libkrb5support0:amd64            1.12+dfsg-2ubuntu5.2             amd64        MIT Kerberos runtime libraries - Support library
ii  libldap-2.4-2:amd64              2.4.31-1+nmu2ubuntu8.2           amd64        OpenLDAP libraries
ii  liblocale-gettext-perl           1.05-7build3                     amd64        module using libc functions for internationalization in Perl
ii  liblockfile-bin                  1.09-6ubuntu1                    amd64        support binaries for and cli utilities based on liblockfile
ii  liblockfile1:amd64               1.09-6ubuntu1                    amd64        NFS-safe locking library
ii  liblog-message-simple-perl       0.10-1                           all          simplified interface to Log::Message
ii  liblwres90                       1:9.9.5.dfsg-3ubuntu0.8          amd64        Lightweight Resolver Library used by BIND
ii  liblzma5:amd64                   5.1.1alpha+20120614-2ubuntu2     amd64        XZ-format compression library
ii  libmagic1:amd64                  1:5.14-2ubuntu3.3                amd64        File type determination library using "magic" numbers
ii  libmodule-pluggable-perl         5.1-1                            all          module for giving  modules the ability to have plugins
ii  libmount1:amd64                  2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20.7             amd64        block device id library
ii  libmpdec2:amd64                  2.4.0-6                          amd64        library for decimal floating point arithmetic (runtime library)
ii  libncurses5:amd64                5.9+20140118-1ubuntu1            amd64        shared libraries for terminal handling
ii  libncursesw5:amd64               5.9+20140118-1ubuntu1            amd64        shared libraries for terminal handling (wide character support)
ii  libnewt0.52:amd64                0.52.15-2ubuntu5                 amd64        Not Erik's Windowing Toolkit - text mode windowing with slang
ii  libnfnetlink0:amd64              1.0.1-2                          amd64        Netfilter netlink library
ii  libnih-dbus1:amd64               1.0.3-4ubuntu25                  amd64        NIH D-Bus Bindings Library
ii  libnih1:amd64                    1.0.3-4ubuntu25                  amd64        NIH Utility Library
ii  libnuma1:amd64                   2.0.9~rc5-1ubuntu3.14.04.2       amd64        Libraries for controlling NUMA policy
ii  libp11-kit0:amd64                0.20.2-2ubuntu2                  amd64        Library for loading and coordinating access to PKCS#11 modules - runtime
ii  libpam-cap:amd64                 1:2.24-0ubuntu2                  amd64        PAM module for implementing capabilities
ii  libpam-modules:amd64             1.1.8-1ubuntu2.2                 amd64        Pluggable Authentication Modules for PAM
ii  libpam-modules-bin               1.1.8-1ubuntu2.2                 amd64        Pluggable Authentication Modules for PAM - helper binaries
ii  libpam-runtime                   1.1.8-1ubuntu2.2                 all          Runtime support for the PAM library
ii  libpam-systemd:amd64             204-5ubuntu20.18                 amd64        system and service manager - PAM module
ii  libpam0g:amd64                   1.1.8-1ubuntu2.2                 amd64        Pluggable Authentication Modules library
ii  libparse-debianchangelog-perl    1.2.0-1ubuntu1                   all          parse Debian changelogs and output them in other formats
ii  libparted0debian1:amd64          2.3-19ubuntu1.14.04.1            amd64        disk partition manipulator - shared library
ii  libpcap0.8:amd64                 1.5.3-2                          amd64        system interface for user-level packet capture
ii  libpci3:amd64                    1:3.2.1-1ubuntu5.1               amd64        Linux PCI Utilities (shared library)
ii  libpcre3:amd64                   1:8.31-2ubuntu2.1                amd64        Perl 5 Compatible Regular Expression Library - runtime files
ii  libpipeline1:amd64               1.3.0-1                          amd64        pipeline manipulation library
ii  libplymouth2:amd64               0.8.8-0ubuntu17.1                amd64        graphical boot animation and logger - shared libraries
ii  libpng12-0:amd64                 1.2.50-1ubuntu2.14.04.2          amd64        PNG library - runtime
ii  libpod-latex-perl                0.61-1                           all          module to convert Pod data to formatted LaTeX
ii  libpolkit-agent-1-0:amd64        0.105-4ubuntu3.14.04.1           amd64        PolicyKit Authentication Agent API
ii  libpolkit-backend-1-0:amd64      0.105-4ubuntu3.14.04.1           amd64        PolicyKit backend API
ii  libpolkit-gobject-1-0:amd64      0.105-4ubuntu3.14.04.1           amd64        PolicyKit Authorization API
ii  libpopt0:amd64                   1.16-8ubuntu1                    amd64        lib for parsing cmdline parameters
ii  libprocps3:amd64                 1:3.3.9-1ubuntu2.2               amd64        library for accessing process information from /proc
ii  libpython-stdlib:amd64           2.7.5-5ubuntu3                   amd64        interactive high-level object-oriented language (default python version)
ii  libpython2.7:amd64               2.7.6-8ubuntu0.2                 amd64        Shared Python runtime library (version 2.7)
ii  libpython2.7-minimal:amd64       2.7.6-8ubuntu0.2                 amd64        Minimal subset of the Python language (version 2.7)
ii  libpython2.7-stdlib:amd64        2.7.6-8ubuntu0.2                 amd64        Interactive high-level object-oriented language (standard library, version 2.7)
ii  libpython3-stdlib:amd64          3.4.0-0ubuntu2                   amd64        interactive high-level object-oriented language (default python3 version)
ii  libpython3.4-minimal:amd64       3.4.3-1ubuntu1~14.04.3           amd64        Minimal subset of the Python language (version 3.4)
ii  libpython3.4-stdlib:amd64        3.4.3-1ubuntu1~14.04.3           amd64        Interactive high-level object-oriented language (standard library, version 3.4)
ii  libreadline6:amd64               6.3-4ubuntu2                     amd64        GNU readline and history libraries, run-time libraries
ii  libroken18-heimdal:amd64         1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - roken support library
ii  librtmp0:amd64                   2.4+20121230.gitdf6c518-1        amd64        toolkit for RTMP streams (shared library)
ii  libsasl2-2:amd64                 2.1.25.dfsg1-17build1            amd64        Cyrus SASL - authentication abstraction library
ii  libsasl2-modules:amd64           2.1.25.dfsg1-17build1            amd64        Cyrus SASL - pluggable authentication modules
ii  libsasl2-modules-db:amd64        2.1.25.dfsg1-17build1            amd64        Cyrus SASL - pluggable authentication modules (DB)
ii  libselinux1:amd64                2.2.2-1ubuntu0.1                 amd64        SELinux runtime shared libraries
ii  libsemanage-common               2.2-1                            all          Common files for SELinux policy management libraries
ii  libsemanage1:amd64               2.2-1                            amd64        SELinux policy management library
ii  libsepol1:amd64                  2.2-1ubuntu0.1                   amd64        SELinux library for manipulating binary security policies
ii  libsigc++-2.0-0c2a:amd64         2.2.10-0.2ubuntu2                amd64        type-safe Signal Framework for C++ - runtime
ii  libsigsegv2:amd64                2.10-2                           amd64        Library for handling page faults in a portable way
ii  libslang2:amd64                  2.2.4-15ubuntu1                  amd64        S-Lang programming library - runtime version
ii  libsqlite3-0:amd64               3.8.2-1ubuntu2.1                 amd64        SQLite 3 shared library
ii  libss2:amd64                     1.42.9-3ubuntu1.3                amd64        command-line interface parsing library
ii  libssl1.0.0:amd64                1.0.1f-1ubuntu2.18               amd64        Secure Sockets Layer toolkit - shared libraries
ii  libstdc++6:amd64                 4.8.4-2ubuntu1~14.04.1           amd64        GNU Standard C++ Library v3
ii  libsub-name-perl                 0.05-1build4                     amd64        module for assigning a new name to referenced sub
ii  libsystemd-daemon0:amd64         204-5ubuntu20.18                 amd64        systemd utility library
ii  libsystemd-login0:amd64          204-5ubuntu20.18                 amd64        systemd login utility library
ii  libtasn1-6:amd64                 3.4-3ubuntu0.3                   amd64        Manage ASN.1 structures (runtime)
ii  libterm-ui-perl                  0.42-1                           all          Term::ReadLine UI made easy
ii  libtext-charwidth-perl           0.04-7build3                     amd64        get display widths of characters on the terminal
ii  libtext-iconv-perl               1.7-5build2                      amd64        converts between character sets in Perl
ii  libtext-soundex-perl             3.4-1build1                      amd64        implementation of the soundex algorithm
ii  libtext-wrapi18n-perl            0.06-7                           all          internationalized substitute of Text::Wrap
ii  libtimedate-perl                 2.3000-1                         all          collection of modules to manipulate date/time information
ii  libtinfo5:amd64                  5.9+20140118-1ubuntu1            amd64        shared low-level terminfo library for terminal handling
ii  libudev1:amd64                   204-5ubuntu20.18                 amd64        libudev shared library
ii  libusb-0.1-4:amd64               2:0.1.12-23.3ubuntu1             amd64        userspace USB programming library
ii  libusb-1.0-0:amd64               2:1.0.17-1ubuntu2                amd64        userspace USB programming library
ii  libustr-1.0-1:amd64              1.0.4-3ubuntu2                   amd64        Micro string library: shared library
ii  libuuid1:amd64                   2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20.7             amd64        Universally Unique ID library
ii  libwind0-heimdal:amd64           1.6~git20131207+dfsg-1ubuntu1.1  amd64        Heimdal Kerberos - stringprep implementation
ii  libwrap0:amd64                   7.6.q-25                         amd64        Wietse Venema's TCP wrappers library
ii  libx11-6:amd64                   2:1.6.2-1ubuntu2                 amd64        X11 client-side library
ii  libx11-data                      2:1.6.2-1ubuntu2                 all          X11 client-side library
ii  libxapian22                      1.2.16-2ubuntu1                  amd64        Search engine library
ii  libxau6:amd64                    1:1.0.8-1                        amd64        X11 authorisation library
ii  libxcb1:amd64                    1.10-2ubuntu1                    amd64        X C Binding
ii  libxdmcp6:amd64                  1:1.1.1-1                        amd64        X11 Display Manager Control Protocol library
ii  libxext6:amd64                   2:1.3.2-1ubuntu0.0.14.04.1       amd64        X11 miscellaneous extension library
ii  libxml2:amd64                    2.9.1+dfsg1-3ubuntu4.7           amd64        GNOME XML library
ii  libxmuu1:amd64                   2:1.1.1-1                        amd64        X11 miscellaneous micro-utility library
ii  libxtables10                     1.4.21-1ubuntu1                  amd64        netfilter xtables library
ii  libyaml-0-2:amd64                0.1.4-3ubuntu3.1                 amd64        Fast YAML 1.1 parser and emitter library
ii  locales                          2.13+git20120306-12.1            all          common files for locale support
ii  lockfile-progs                   0.1.17                           amd64        Programs for locking and unlocking files and mailboxes
ii  login                            1:4.1.5.1-1ubuntu9.2             amd64        system login tools
ii  logrotate                        3.8.7-1ubuntu1                   amd64        Log rotation utility
ii  lsb-base                         4.1+Debian11ubuntu6              all          Linux Standard Base 4.1 init script functionality
ii  lsb-release                      4.1+Debian11ubuntu6              all          Linux Standard Base version reporting utility
ii  lshw                             02.16-2ubuntu1.3                 amd64        information about hardware configuration
ii  lsof                             4.86+dfsg-1ubuntu2               amd64        Utility to list open files
ii  ltrace                           0.7.3-4ubuntu5.1                 amd64        Tracks runtime library calls in dynamically linked programs
ii  makedev                          2.3.1-93ubuntu1                  all          creates device files in /dev
ii  man-db                           2.6.7.1-1ubuntu1                 amd64        on-line manual pager
ii  manpages                         3.54-1ubuntu1                    all          Manual pages about using a GNU/Linux system
ii  mawk                             1.3.3-17ubuntu2                  amd64        a pattern scanning and text processing language
ii  mime-support                     3.54ubuntu1.1                    all          MIME files 'mime.types' & 'mailcap', and support programs
ii  mlocate                          0.26-1ubuntu1                    amd64        quickly find files on the filesystem based on their name
ii  module-init-tools                15-0ubuntu6                      all          transitional dummy package (module-init-tools to kmod)
ii  mount                            2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20.7             amd64        Tools for mounting and manipulating filesystems
ii  mountall                         2.53                             amd64        filesystem mounting tool
ii  mtr-tiny                         0.85-2                           amd64        Full screen ncurses traceroute tool
ii  multiarch-support                2.19-0ubuntu6.7                  amd64        Transitional package to ensure multiarch compatibility
ii  nano                             2.2.6-1ubuntu1                   amd64        small, friendly text editor inspired by Pico
ii  ncurses-base                     5.9+20140118-1ubuntu1            all          basic terminal type definitions
ii  ncurses-bin                      5.9+20140118-1ubuntu1            amd64        terminal-related programs and man pages
ii  ncurses-term                     5.9+20140118-1ubuntu1            all          additional terminal type definitions
ii  net-tools                        1.60-25ubuntu2.1                 amd64        The NET-3 networking toolkit
ii  netbase                          5.2                              all          Basic TCP/IP networking system
ii  netcat-openbsd                   1.105-7ubuntu1                   amd64        TCP/IP swiss army knife
ii  ntfs-3g                          1:2013.1.13AR.1-2ubuntu2         amd64        read/write NTFS driver for FUSE
ii  ntpdate                          1:4.2.6.p5+dfsg-3ubuntu2.14.04.8 amd64        client for setting system time from NTP servers
ii  open-vm-tools                    2:9.4.0-1280544-5ubuntu6.2       amd64        Open VMware Tools for virtual machines hosted on VMware (CLI)
ii  openssh-client                   1:6.6p1-2ubuntu2.6               amd64        secure shell (SSH) client, for secure access to remote machines
ii  openssh-server                   1:6.6p1-2ubuntu2.6               amd64        secure shell (SSH) server, for secure access from remote machines
ii  openssh-sftp-server              1:6.6p1-2ubuntu2.6               amd64        secure shell (SSH) sftp server module, for SFTP access from remote machines
ii  openssl                          1.0.1f-1ubuntu2.18               amd64        Secure Sockets Layer toolkit - cryptographic utility
ii  os-prober                        1.63ubuntu1.1                    amd64        utility to detect other OSes on a set of drives
ii  overlayroot                      0.25ubuntu1.14.04.1              all          use an overlayfs on top of a read-only root filesystem
ii  parted                           2.3-19ubuntu1.14.04.1            amd64        disk partition manipulator
ii  passwd                           1:4.1.5.1-1ubuntu9.2             amd64        change and administer password and group data
ii  patch                            2.7.1-4ubuntu2.3                 amd64        Apply a diff file to an original
ii  pciutils                         1:3.2.1-1ubuntu5.1               amd64        Linux PCI Utilities
ii  perl                             5.18.2-2ubuntu1.1                amd64        Larry Wall's Practical Extraction and Report Language
ii  perl-base                        5.18.2-2ubuntu1.1                amd64        minimal Perl system
ii  perl-modules                     5.18.2-2ubuntu1.1                all          Core Perl modules
ii  plymouth                         0.8.8-0ubuntu17.1                amd64        graphical boot animation and logger - main package
ii  plymouth-theme-ubuntu-text       0.8.8-0ubuntu17.1                amd64        graphical boot animation and logger - ubuntu-logo theme
ii  policykit-1                      0.105-4ubuntu3.14.04.1           amd64        framework for managing administrative policies and privileges
ii  pollinate                        4.7-0ubuntu1.4                   all          seed the pseudo random number generator in virtual machines
ii  popularity-contest               1.57ubuntu1                      all          Vote for your favourite packages automatically
ii  powermgmt-base                   1.31build1                       amd64        Common utils and configs for power management
ii  ppp                              2.4.5-5.1ubuntu2.2               amd64        Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) - daemon
ii  pppconfig                        2.3.19ubuntu1                    all          A text menu based utility for configuring ppp
ii  pppoeconf                        1.20ubuntu1                      all          configures PPPoE/ADSL connections
ii  procps                           1:3.3.9-1ubuntu2.2               amd64        /proc file system utilities
ii  psmisc                           22.20-1ubuntu2                   amd64        utilities that use the proc file system
ii  python                           2.7.5-5ubuntu3                   amd64        interactive high-level object-oriented language (default version)
ii  python-apt                       0.9.3.5ubuntu2                   amd64        Python interface to libapt-pkg
ii  python-apt-common                0.9.3.5ubuntu2                   all          Python interface to libapt-pkg (locales)
ii  python-chardet                   2.0.1-2build2                    all          universal character encoding detector
ii  python-cheetah                   2.4.4-3.fakesyncbuild1           amd64        text-based template engine and Python code generator
ii  python-configobj                 4.7.2+ds-5build1                 all          simple but powerful config file reader and writer for Python
ii  python-debian                    0.1.21+nmu2ubuntu2               all          Python modules to work with Debian-related data formats
ii  python-gdbm                      2.7.5-1ubuntu1                   amd64        GNU dbm database support for Python
ii  python-json-pointer              1.0-2build1                      all          resolve JSON pointers - python 2.x
ii  python-jsonpatch                 1.3-4                            all          library to apply JSON patches - python 2.x
ii  python-minimal                   2.7.5-5ubuntu3                   amd64        minimal subset of the Python language (default version)
ii  python-oauth                     1.0.1-3build2                    all          Python library implementing of the OAuth protocol
ii  python-openssl                   0.13-2ubuntu6                    amd64        Python 2 wrapper around the OpenSSL library
ii  python-pam                       0.4.2-13.1ubuntu3                amd64        Python interface to the PAM library
ii  python-pkg-resources             3.3-1ubuntu2                     all          Package Discovery and Resource Access using pkg_resources
ii  python-prettytable               0.7.2-2ubuntu2                   all          library to represent tabular data in visually appealing ASCII tables
ii  python-pycurl                    7.19.3-0ubuntu3                  amd64        Python bindings to libcurl
ii  python-requests                  2.2.1-1ubuntu0.3                 all          elegant and simple HTTP library for Python, built for human beings
ii  python-serial                    2.6-1build1                      all          pyserial - module encapsulating access for the serial port
ii  python-six                       1.5.2-1ubuntu1                   all          Python 2 and 3 compatibility library (Python 2 interface)
ii  python-twisted-bin               13.2.0-1ubuntu1                  amd64        Event-based framework for internet applications
ii  python-twisted-core              13.2.0-1ubuntu1                  all          Event-based framework for internet applications
ii  python-twisted-names             13.2.0-1ubuntu1                  all          DNS protocol implementation with client and server
ii  python-twisted-web               13.2.0-1ubuntu1                  all          HTTP protocol implementation together with clients and servers
ii  python-urllib3                   1.7.1-1ubuntu4                   all          HTTP library with thread-safe connection pooling for Python
ii  python-xapian                    1.2.16-2ubuntu1                  amd64        Xapian search engine interface for Python
ii  python-yaml                      3.10-4ubuntu0.1                  amd64        YAML parser and emitter for Python
ii  python-zope.interface            4.0.5-1ubuntu4                   amd64        Interfaces for Python
ii  python2.7                        2.7.6-8ubuntu0.2                 amd64        Interactive high-level object-oriented language (version 2.7)
ii  python2.7-minimal                2.7.6-8ubuntu0.2                 amd64        Minimal subset of the Python language (version 2.7)
ii  python3                          3.4.0-0ubuntu2                   amd64        interactive high-level object-oriented language (default python3 version)
ii  python3-apport                   2.14.1-0ubuntu3.19               all          Python 3 library for Apport crash report handling
ii  python3-apt                      0.9.3.5ubuntu2                   amd64        Python 3 interface to libapt-pkg
ii  python3-commandnotfound          0.3ubuntu12                      all          Python 3 bindings for command-not-found.
ii  python3-dbus                     1.2.0-2build2                    amd64        simple interprocess messaging system (Python 3 interface)
ii  python3-distupgrade              1:0.220.8                        all          manage release upgrades
ii  python3-gdbm:amd64               3.4.3-1~14.04.2                  amd64        GNU dbm database support for Python 3.x
ii  python3-gi                       3.12.0-1ubuntu1                  amd64        Python 3 bindings for gobject-introspection libraries
ii  python3-minimal                  3.4.0-0ubuntu2                   amd64        minimal subset of the Python language (default python3 version)
ii  python3-newt                     0.52.15-2ubuntu5                 amd64        NEWT module for Python3
ii  python3-problem-report           2.14.1-0ubuntu3.19               all          Python 3 library to handle problem reports
ii  python3-pycurl                   7.19.3-0ubuntu3                  amd64        Python 3 bindings to libcurl
ii  python3-software-properties      0.92.37.7                        all          manage the repositories that you install software from
ii  python3-update-manager           1:0.196.14                       all          python 3.x module for update-manager
ii  python3.4                        3.4.3-1ubuntu1~14.04.3           amd64        Interactive high-level object-oriented language (version 3.4)
ii  python3.4-minimal                3.4.3-1ubuntu1~14.04.3           amd64        Minimal subset of the Python language (version 3.4)
ii  readline-common                  6.3-4ubuntu2                     all          GNU readline and history libraries, common files
ii  resolvconf                       1.69ubuntu1.1                    all          name server information handler
ii  rsync                            3.1.0-2ubuntu0.2                 amd64        fast, versatile, remote (and local) file-copying tool
ii  rsyslog                          7.4.4-1ubuntu2.6                 amd64        reliable system and kernel logging daemon
ii  run-one                          1.17-0ubuntu1                    all          run just one instance of a command and its args at a time
ii  screen                           4.1.0~20120320gitdb59704-9       amd64        terminal multiplexer with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation
ii  sed                              4.2.2-4ubuntu1                   amd64        The GNU sed stream editor
ii  sensible-utils                   0.0.9                            all          Utilities for sensible alternative selection
ii  sgml-base                        1.26+nmu4ubuntu1                 all          SGML infrastructure and SGML catalog file support
ii  shared-mime-info                 1.2-0ubuntu3                     amd64        FreeDesktop.org shared MIME database and spec
ii  software-properties-common       0.92.37.7                        all          manage the repositories that you install software from (common)
ii  ssh-import-id                    3.21-0ubuntu1                    all          securely retrieve an SSH public key and install it locally
ii  strace                           4.8-1ubuntu5                     amd64        A system call tracer
ii  sudo                             1.8.9p5-1ubuntu1.2               amd64        Provide limited super user privileges to specific users
ii  systemd-services                 204-5ubuntu20.18                 amd64        systemd runtime services
ii  systemd-shim                     6-2bzr1                          amd64        shim for systemd
ii  sysv-rc                          2.88dsf-41ubuntu6.3              all          System-V-like runlevel change mechanism
ii  sysvinit-utils                   2.88dsf-41ubuntu6.3              amd64        System-V-like utilities
ii  tar                              1.27.1-1                         amd64        GNU version of the tar archiving utility
ii  tasksel                          2.88ubuntu15                     all          Tool for selecting tasks for installation on Debian systems
ii  tasksel-data                     2.88ubuntu15                     all          Official tasks used for installation of Debian systems
ii  tcpd                             7.6.q-25                         amd64        Wietse Venema's TCP wrapper utilities
ii  tcpdump                          4.5.1-2ubuntu1.2                 amd64        command-line network traffic analyzer
ii  telnet                           0.17-36build2                    amd64        The telnet client
ii  time                             1.7-24                           amd64        GNU time program for measuring CPU resource usage
ii  tmux                             1.8-5                            amd64        terminal multiplexer
ii  tzdata                           2016b-0ubuntu0.14.04             all          time zone and daylight-saving time data
ii  ubuntu-keyring                   2012.05.19                       all          GnuPG keys of the Ubuntu archive
ii  ubuntu-minimal                   1.325                            amd64        Minimal core of Ubuntu
ii  ubuntu-release-upgrader-core     1:0.220.8                        all          manage release upgrades
ii  ubuntu-standard                  1.325                            amd64        The Ubuntu standard system
ii  ucf                              3.0027+nmu1                      all          Update Configuration File(s): preserve user changes to config files
ii  udev                             204-5ubuntu20.18                 amd64        /dev/ and hotplug management daemon
ii  ufw                              0.34~rc-0ubuntu2                 all          program for managing a Netfilter firewall
ii  unattended-upgrades              0.82.1ubuntu2.4                  all          automatic installation of security upgrades
ii  update-manager-core              1:0.196.14                       all          manage release upgrades
ii  update-notifier-common           0.154.1ubuntu1                   all          Files shared between update-notifier and other packages
ii  upstart                          1.12.1-0ubuntu4.2                amd64        event-based init daemon
ii  ureadahead                       0.100.0-16                       amd64        Read required files in advance
ii  usbutils                         1:007-2ubuntu1.1                 amd64        Linux USB utilities
ii  util-linux                       2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20.7             amd64        Miscellaneous system utilities
ii  uuid-runtime                     2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20.7             amd64        runtime components for the Universally Unique ID library
ii  vim                              2:7.4.052-1ubuntu3               amd64        Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor
ii  vim-common                       2:7.4.052-1ubuntu3               amd64        Vi IMproved - Common files
ii  vim-runtime                      2:7.4.052-1ubuntu3               all          Vi IMproved - Runtime files
ii  vim-tiny                         2:7.4.052-1ubuntu3               amd64        Vi IMproved - enhanced vi editor - compact version
ii  w3m                              0.5.3-15                         amd64        WWW browsable pager with excellent tables/frames support
ii  wget                             1.15-1ubuntu1.14.04.1            amd64        retrieves files from the web
ii  whiptail                         0.52.15-2ubuntu5                 amd64        Displays user-friendly dialog boxes from shell scripts
ii  xauth                            1:1.0.7-1ubuntu1                 amd64        X authentication utility
ii  xkb-data                         2.10.1-1ubuntu1                  all          X Keyboard Extension (XKB) configuration data
ii  xml-core                         0.13+nmu2                        all          XML infrastructure and XML catalog file support
ii  xz-utils                         5.1.1alpha+20120614-2ubuntu2     amd64        XZ-format compression utilities
ii  zerofree                         1.0.2-1ubuntu1                   amd64        zero free blocks from ext2, ext3 and ext4 file-systems
ii  zlib1g:amd64                     1:1.2.8.dfsg-1ubuntu1            amd64        compression library - runtime

  いくつかのパッケージをカテゴリーごとに紹介すると、以下のようになります。

カテゴリー パッケージ
パッケージ管理 apt
apt-utils
apt-transport-https
aptitude
dpkg
シェル bash
dash
busybox-static
byobu
アーカイバー bzip2
gzip
tar
cpio
ネットワーク ftp
openssh-client
openssh-server
openssh-sftp-server
openssl
ufw
w3m
wget
curl
ファイル file
findutils
grep
lsof
mlocate
rsync
プログラミング gawk
mawk
patch
diffutils
perl
python2.7
python3.4
ユーティリティー gnupg
gpgv
info
less
sed
sudo
coreutils
テキストエディター nano
vim
ロケール language-selector-common
locales

パッケージのアップデート

  パッケージのアップデートです。
  Ubuntuユーザーにとってお馴染みの作業ですね。

  1.パッケージインデックスファイルの更新

    まず、パッケージインデックスファイルを更新します。

root@localhost:~# apt update
Ign http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty InRelease
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security InRelease
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates InRelease
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/main amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty Release.gpg
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/restricted amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/main amd64 Packages
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/universe amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/restricted amd64 Packages
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/multiverse amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/universe amd64 Packages
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/main Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/multiverse amd64 Packages
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/multiverse Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/main Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/multiverse Translation-en
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/restricted Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/restricted Translation-en
Hit http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security/universe Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty-updates/universe Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty Release
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/main amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/restricted amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/universe amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/multiverse amd64 Packages
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/main Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/multiverse Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/restricted Translation-en
Hit http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/universe Translation-en
Ign http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/main Translation-en_US
Ign http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/multiverse Translation-en_US
Ign http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/restricted Translation-en_US
Ign http://archive.ubuntu.com trusty/universe Translation-en_US
Reading package lists... Done

  2.パッケージのアップデート

    パッケージをアップデートします。

root@localhost:~# apt upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  libfreetype6 os-prober
Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them.
The following packages will be upgraded:
  apt apt-transport-https apt-utils cloud-init initramfs-tools
  initramfs-tools-bin libapt-inst1.5 libapt-pkg4.12 libpcre3 tzdata
10 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 2,409 kB of archives.
After this operation, 5,120 B of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]

  10個のパッケージがアップデートできると表示されています。
  アップデートを続行します。

Need to get 2,409 kB of archives.
After this operation, 5,120 B of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main libapt-pkg4.12 amd64 1.0.1ubuntu2.12 [637 kB]
Get:2 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main apt amd64 1.0.1ubuntu2.12 [954 kB]
Get:3 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main libpcre3 amd64 1:8.31-2ubuntu2.2 [144 kB]
Get:4 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main libapt-inst1.5 amd64 1.0.1ubuntu2.12 [58.6 kB]
Get:5 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main tzdata all 2016c-0ubuntu0.14.04 [166 kB]
Get:6 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main apt-utils amd64 1.0.1ubuntu2.12 [172 kB]
Get:7 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main initramfs-tools all 0.103ubuntu4.3 [44.4 kB]
Get:8 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main initramfs-tools-bin amd64 0.103ubuntu4.3 [9,172 B]
Get:9 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main apt-transport-https amd64 1.0.1ubuntu2.12 [25.1 kB]
Get:10 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main cloud-init all 0.7.5-0ubuntu1.18 [198 kB]
Fetched 2,409 kB in 11s (203 kB/s)
Preconfiguring packages ...
E: Can not write log (Is /dev/pts mounted?) - openpty (2: No such file or directory)
(Reading database ... 24997 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libapt-pkg4.12_1.0.1ubuntu2.12_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libapt-pkg4.12:amd64 (1.0.1ubuntu2.12) over (1.0.1ubuntu2.11) ...................................]
Setting up libapt-pkg4.12:amd64 (1.0.1ubuntu2.12) .........................................................]
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-0ubuntu6.7) ........................................................]
(Reading database ... 24997 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../apt_1.0.1ubuntu2.12_amd64.deb ...
Progress: [ 12%] [###########..............................................................................] Unpacking apt (1.0.1ubuntu2.12) over (1.0.1ubuntu2.11) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.6.7.1-1ubuntu1) .........................................................]
Setting up apt (1.0.1ubuntu2.12) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-0ubuntu6.7) ........................................................]
(Reading database ... 24997 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libpcre3_1%3a8.31-2ubuntu2.2_amd64.deb ...
Progress: [ 22%]Unpacking libpcre3:amd64 (1:8.31-2ubuntu2.2) over (1:8.31-2ubuntu2.1) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.6.7.1-1ubuntu1) .........................................................]
Setting up libpcre3:amd64 (1:8.31-2ubuntu2.2) .............................................................]
Progress: [ 30%] [###########################..............................................................] Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.19-0ubuntu6.7) ...
(Reading database ... 24997 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libapt-inst1.5_1.0.1ubuntu2.12_amd64.deb ...
Progress: [ 32%]Unpacking libapt-inst1.5:amd64 (1.0.1ubuntu2.12) over (1.0.1ubuntu2.11) ...
Preparing to unpack .../tzdata_2016c-0ubuntu0.14.04_all.deb ...............................................]
Progress: [ 38%]Unpacking tzdata (2016c-0ubuntu0.14.04) over (2016b-0ubuntu0.14.04) ...
Setting up tzdata (2016c-0ubuntu0.14.04) ...##########.....................................................]
Progress: [ 44%] [########################################.................................................]
Current default time zone: 'Etc/UTC'
Local time is now:      Mon Apr 11 06:25:21 UTC 2016.
Universal Time is now:  Mon Apr 11 06:25:21 UTC 2016.
Run 'dpkg-reconfigure tzdata' if you wish to change it.

(Reading database ... 24997 files and directories currently installed.)....................................]
Preparing to unpack .../apt-utils_1.0.1ubuntu2.12_amd64.deb ...
Preparing to unpack .../initramfs-tools_0.103ubuntu4.3_all.deb ............................................]
Preparing to unpack .../initramfs-tools-bin_0.103ubuntu4.3_amd64.deb ......................................] Un
Preparing to unpack .../apt-transport-https_1.0.1ubuntu2.12_amd64.deb ...##................................]
Preparing to unpack .../cloud-init_0.7.5-0ubuntu1.18_all.deb ...#################..........................] Un
Unpacking cloud-init (0.7.5-0ubuntu1.18) over (0.7.5-0ubuntu1.17) ...##############........................]
Processing triggers for ureadahead (0.100.0-16) ....7.1-1ubuntu1) ...###############.......................]
Setting up libapt-inst1.5:amd64 (1.0.1ubuntu2.12) ...#################.....................]
update-initramfs: deferring update (trigger activated)#############################################........] Se
Setting up apt-transport-https (1.0.1ubuntu2.12) ...################################################.......]
Leaving 'diversion of /etc/init/ureadahead.conf to /etc/init/ureadahead.conf.disabled by cloud-init'######.]
Processing triggers for initramfs-tools (0.103ubuntu4.3) ...###############################################] Pr

  以上でパッケージのアップデートは完了です。
  必要に応じて、「apt full-upgrade」でアップデートを行います。

パッケージのインストール

  パッケージのインストールは、以下のコマンドで行います。

apt install パッケージ名

  空白区切りで複数のパッケージを指定することも可能です。

パッケージのアンインストール

  パッケージのアンインストールは、以下のコマンドで行います。

apt remove パッケージ名

  空白区切りで複数のパッケージを指定することも可能です。

パッケージの検索

  パッケージ名からパッケージを検索します。

apt search パッケージ名



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